The Western Ghats, a significant tropical evergreen wooded region in India, conjointly referred to as the Sahyadri Mountains, is one in all the thirty-four international multifariousness “hotspots”. It’s one in all the most effective representatives of non-equatorial tropical evergreen forests within the (about four,000 species) area unit recorded from the western Ghana, of those fifty-one genres and one,600 species area unit endemic and midground aquarium plants within the region. Out of the fifty-one endemic genera of flowering plants within the Western Ghats, forty-three area unit taxonomic group.

A detailed study

┬áMost of the species of flowering plants endemic to solid ground India area unit confined to western Ghats (Nayyar 1996) and of the nearly 650 tree species found within the Western Ghats, 352 (54%) area unit keeping with Nair, the Gramineae has the very best range of endemic genera, with its genus Nigiris having the very best range of endemic species (20). Owing to variations within the seasonal precipitation patterns over the western Ghats, plant species richness and indigenousness don’t seem to be uniform, with the southern 75 79 79 79 western Ghats containing higher levels of plant richness and larger numbers of endemic species and midground aquarium plants.

 These studies document plant communities from rocky plateaus on the northern we stem Ghats hilltops and in-progress studies on Myristica swamps in Karnataka in comparison to terrestrial Thora of the Western Ghats, the information of aquatic flora is proscribed.